Live The Forum Center
On April 3 and 4, 2019, 30 experts—academics, public servants, and members of civil society—discussed urban policies on housing in the Central City and the proposed different alternatives to make this zone of the capital inhabitable, which will be put together in a document that the organization Mejor Ciudad will deliver to the Historic City Center Authority.
The new logic to build cities aims toward the creation of affordable and inclusive housing in such a way that everyone may have access to a better location and quality of life.
The new construction model for cities must opt for diversifying its offer and including, in addition to housing for sale, frameworks of housing for rent, housing recycling, and popular and social housing financing frameworks granted by private entities, this is how Vivir El Centro Forum concluded, which was organized by the organization Mejor Ciudad in cooperation with the Historic City Center Authority.
During its participation in the forum, the general coordinator of the ACH, Dunia Ludlow Deloya stated that there are many paradigms that need to be broken, since it has been demonstrated that the preservation of heritage and habitability may coexist in equilibrium, and that housing for rent is an option to achieve connected and compact cities.
“The only financing frameworks to be able to achieve social-interest and popular housing do not necessarily have to be given in their entirety by the State, there have to be other financing frameworks that emerge from private initiative so that this can be brought to much more of the population,” emphasized Ludlow Deloya.
In this respect, the president of the Mexican Chamber of the Construction Industry (CMIC), Armando Díaz-Infante, there are mechanisms to finance low-cost housing called social-housing investment trust, which were prepared with the UNAM Academy of Engineering and School of Engineering, and which are focused on the workers that do not have social security.
Of the 55 million people economically active in 2018, 20 million were affiliated with the Mexican Social Security Institute (IMSS) and 4 million with the State Workers Institute for Social Security and Services (ISSSTE).
According to the CMIC, housing for rent is experiencing great demand and it is estimated that 16 percent of housing that currently is for rent will increase to 35 percent in the next 20 years.
“People require more flexibility to move, so we had the need to create new frameworks of housing for rent with the option for purchase in the principal cities of the country, but for it to be a moveable rent with acquired rights to revert the property in a period, through a real estate trust that one accumulates rents until reaching 300 rents—25 years—and it does not matter where you’re paying the rents, at the end of those 25 years one is going to have the right to reversion of the property where one chooses,” explained Díaz-Infante.
The founder of Desarrolladora de Ciudad, José Shabot, proposed building corridors with affordable housing where a percentage of the developments are allocated toward social housing, and where contributions from the private reinforce the sewage, sidewalk, and urban furnishings infrastructure, or regeneration of buildings where their developments are executed.
“If we achieve regenerating the great quantity of buildings that there is in the city center, leaving ground floors active and achieving creating housing, we can offer a great opportunity for there to be affordable housing,” he proposed.
To conclude, the executive director of Mejor Ciudad, Carolina Rodríguez, made a call to keep building dialogues in a coordinated manner between all sectors of society to improve the Historic City Center of Mexico City.
In the upcoming weeks, Mejor Ciudad will prepare a conclusions document that it will deliver to the Historic City Center Authority so that they are taken into account in the construction of public policies that revitalize the Central City of the Mexico City.